Tuesday, November 19, 2019

175. Foreword to SWAN: The Intelligent Picture Book. P S Remesh Chandran

175

Foreword to SWAN: The Intelligent Picture Book

P. S. Remesh Chandran

Editor, Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum


Article Title Image 1 By . Graphics: Adobe SP.

Announced a decade ago. Just released.


[Courtesy: Book Cover Image By Miss Orphelia. Graphics: Adobe SP.] 

Buy: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B081N4WNL1

FOREWORD



Single line drawings are rare. Even those who attempted them in the past have not cared to publish them. After going through publishing companies’ catalogues, it was seen, no book of intelligent single line drawings has ever appeared in print or digital media. A few such drawings from my archives are here, all done by me before or during the Millennium Year 2000. They are here in the original form. 

Single line drawings are very easy to create. They are also called one line drawings. They are created with a single stroke of hand. Because of this simplicity of theirs and also due to the limitations in their scope for expression, they are usually created with pencils, pens, quills, crayons and wax, not with painting brushes. Painting brushes need more strokes of the hand to finish a picture. They are generally meant to create depth in pictures through colours. Paintings enjoy much freedom of movement of the hand. Single line drawings cannot take that much freedom or privilege. In a single line drawing, the movement of human hand is limited to one single stroke and therefore the movement of the mind also is, or may be, limited. It is this limitation, barrier, that we break or bridge by incorporating script in single line drawings. Paintings do not have script in them, generally. 

Leopold Stokowski, Pablo Picasso and quite a few others have done single line drawings in their time. Some made an external profile and filled it in with continuous movements of a line to make their pictures. Some envisioned the end product in their minds and realized it on the medium with a single stroke. Some just followed their crazy imagination and spontaneity with their hand. I have gone through hundreds of pictures classified under line drawings, out line drawings, one line drawings and single line drawings. The majority of them, at least of what I had the opportunity to see, were mostly interesting but not intelligent and stimulating generally as brain testers or brain teasers. Not that they weren’t superb but I felt they were not as intelligent and challenging as I expected. I now have arrived at the opinion that these pictures here are unique in that, and that is why I dare release them for the public as a book. 

These pictures are released as such, without editing, colouring, beautification or polishing of any kind. Once such things are done- the background print removed, the lettering projected well-cut in colours and the lines traced in other neon colours- they would add charm to these pages and make them beautiful to look at. How background lines and printings can be removed and the pictures cleaned are illustrated by the last two pictures in this book, the last of which done by my friend, Mr. Pushkin. E. H., a gifted painter and author himself. 

But I leave this remaining task in this book to the gifted children of the world, in the present times and in the future, who surely will come across these pictures someday and see what is to be done. It is their pleasure to do it. In their hands, with their craft in modern image editing and enhancing technologies, I am sure, these pictures will fill up themselves and stand up and please young minds. 

Script in these pages may be in most cases in differing and unreadable styles but making them out with the help of pictures or making the pictures out with the help of scripts is in itself a rewarding exercise, to be practiced by readers, so that their multi skills- aesthetic as well as linguistic- will develop. Sometimes, deciphering the script itself would be the exercise. There are also pictures with no script, the meaning of which are left to the common sense of readers. In such cases, the artist and designer had either forgotten to include suggestive writings or had nothing to write. Perhaps, he himself had not understood them. Also the readers, especially the young and the intuitive among them, may want to add their own meaningful script anyway. 

The script is generally in English. But a few writings are in the Malayalam language of the author’s native land Kerala, and a very few others are in the North Indian language Hindi, which may please be excused by readers. There were a few other images which had words from French and Tamil in them which are not included in this book. There were several pictures from the author’s original diary which are excluded in this collection as they would be totally irrelevant to an international audience. Some of them were fully in regional languages and depend more on script than lines to convey a message. Many of them were tricky advertisement posters for films and books. 

Reading illegible scripts written in different styles is also a skill which these pictures wish to impart to readers. Where scripts are obscure, they can certainly be guessed with the help of the lines and a little common sense. The lines and writings are meant to supplement one another. Lines cannot have a language except one of emotions which appeal to the intellect. Sometimes there will not be pictures but writings alone. They too are meant to convey something intelligent, perhaps a coinage of phrases which, the author thinks, is meaningful. 

Even though these pictures have their position on their pages, they needn’t always be viewed as such, in their usual vertical positions. Often, rotating them will reveal their fuller meaning or other meanings, if writings on the sides, above or below suggest so. Or, if you are reading this book in the print form, simply turning the book will do. Or, you can do it all in your imagination. This book demands the intelligence of the reader anyway. 

Skilled, patient viewers can read them anyway, moving their heads to the desired position, even without turning pictures. Some may want to work on some pictures to see how they look in different positions. It is safer to download and save pictures to your computer and make a copy before rotating, as rotating the images may alter some of their properties. 

Copying pictures to a computer or a similar devise has also the advantage of being able to enlarge them and read undecipherable scripts also easily, which is one of the challenges the author wants to pose before the readers through these pictures. Once they are in your computer, you can start Photoshop or Picassa or whichever and do what you wish. Whatever you do, you will sure be improving the pictures. 

The pictures are arranged not based on their theme or finery in perception but according to the date of their drawing. They stand as such- bare, unpolished and crude. It’s the world’s interested future generations who are going to build on them. There may be good ones among them and there may surely be inferior ones too. It is the reader who is to judge them. 

You may ask why this collection of pictures is termed an ‘intelligent picture book’. It is simply because you can use it to gauge your own or other persons’ intelligence without the aid of anyone or anything else. Gauging another person’s intelligence is a necessity human race always faced. We have had to depend on the collective wisdom of the human race and out own intuition to do that. The tools which we can use to gauge one’s intelligence and his or her quickness of mind are but few. Even those tools which are there are either not accessible to ordinary citizens or unaffordable to them. They exist only in the world of higher psychology, psychiatry and management sciences. They are accessible to and handled by only professionals, and are costly. It is hoped that this book would serve common man’s purposes and needs and supplement those in the fields mentioned. 

Each man responds to this kind of pictures according to the level of his intelligence and clarity and alertness of conscience. Dormant genius and intelligence can be sparked by quick glimpses of vision which the pictures are intended to provide. Some may never read the script in them, some may never connect the script with the images but some others will in no time read the script as well as connect them with the images, in whichever positions the scripts are displayed and however obscure and illegible they appear. 

As a general rule, the lesser time one takes to fully comprehend a picture, the better his intelligence and clearer his conscience as can be gauged. If you know what is there in a picture, you can assess the intelligence of another by gauging the time he or she takes to comprehend the picture fully, without you needing to be anywhere near the higher level of his intelligence. If you are going to interview someone for a top position in your company, be ready with these pictures. And never take these suggestive chapter headings with you. They will take away the surprise and deprive the test of its ingenuity. 

Suppose you are interviewing candidates for a top management position in your firm. Suppose there are several candidates too intelligent and clever to be selected between. You find it hard to select one. Suppose you take up the picture here with of cource the words ‘The Girl With The Mirror’ and ‘A Single Line Drawing’ removed or covered and ask what it represents. If one candidate answers ‘it’s a girl with a mirror’ you can definitely select him. If more than one answers the same, note the time they took to come up with that answer. And there may also be other excellent intelligent interpretations which the author of that image did not even ever dream about! 

Even though these pictures were created in the 2000s, their publishing was not taken seriously until 2009, the year of the beginning of my internet presence. This novel idea of a book was first put before Lulu Publishers who encouraged me to finish this book early and publish it with them. Not only this worthy publisher but others there too presented me with options for publishing. When they were drawn, they were done on pages of diaries and costly books. I could have drawn them on criss-cross-type bond paper which I usually used for my writings but it did not happen that way. Had it, there would have been no need for removal of background and cleaning. 

I knew someday these pictures will have to be cleaned, the printed words in their background painstakingly removed, and lines and pen-written letters traced in neon colours before sending them to press- which all needed the expertise of a professional, then. I was not such a professional and I did not have time to become one. Moreover, I did not have the resources to engage one. What I decided then was that without professional touch, these drawings would never go to press. But now that time is past, and technology has advanced such that guidance and suggestion of how they could be cleaned is enough for the modern reader with his resources which already has been done in this book through one illustration. Besides, now has the option (like this) of publishing them without removing background. 

For a time, my dreams were full of the book becoming a hit and thousands of copies being sold all over the world. One certainly has the right to dream. But I soon recognized that publishing a picture book, especially this kind of a picture book, was not easy. For one thing, a book of single line drawings is not an accepted and popular idea of a book in the publishing industry. For another, the pages of the book were not done in exquisite colours, resembling beautiful neon displays in a thoroughfare at night. Another factor against the marketability of the book is picture books are usually published for little children. Publishing picture books for infants is a very large and lucrative industry also. ‘SWAN’ does not belong to this category. After one or two years, Lulu stopped reminding me of this book. Even before that, I had stopped remembering it myself. 

So that’s how this book came to be. It was started accidentally by a whim of emotions stirred by ethereal elements and completed within a short period of time. Procrastination was not in the creating of the book but in the publishing of the book. As to the modus operandi of this book- how these pictures were envisioned and how the script was conceived- I will discuss in the Afterword part of this book. 

I must admit, someone dead and gone- actually two- took hold my hand and drew these pictures for me, though I was perfectly well aware of what they were doing to me, doing through me. Though it was a hard experience emotionally and physically to stand in those times, I did come up with this book anyway. 

The forbearance I felt in those times is now past and today it’s a sweet memory. My mother stood by me in those hard times and without her presence, kindness, ardence, affection and caring, I could not have withstood the confusion in those times which I could reveal to no one due to its special nature. She is now no more and I dedicate this book, ‘SWAN- The Intelligent Picture Book’ to her sweet memory. 

P. S. Remesh Chandran,
Padmalayam,
Nanniyode, Pacha Post,
Trivandrum- 695562.
18 November 2019



 An image from SWAN: The Intelligent Picture Book.
 
AFTERWORD

(Under edit……...) 




Monday, November 11, 2019

174. Can geographical indicators like mountains and rivers copyrighted? P S Remesh Chandran

174

Can geographical indicators like mountains and rivers copyrighted?

P S Remesh Chandran

Editor, Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum

  Article Title Image 1 By Sabine-Schwoaze. Graphics: Adobe SP.


Without bribery and corruption, no geographical names will ever get registered as the applicants do not own these geographical landmarks.

Domain disputes are not the first or the last in this world. It is because it is humans who are involved in the registering of geographical indicators and humans are prone to corruption and bribery. When you apply for registering the name of a place, mountain or river for your product, goods or service, these humans will first tell you that it cannot be registered because doing so would be infringing the rights of others to use that name in future. So you will offer money and the name gets registered. This is what actually happens. All competent authorities know what hurdles it would pose for future venturers in the field and therefore they raise the amount for getting it done. Without bribery and corruption, no geographical names will ever get registered as the applicants do not own these geographical landmarks. So we can say that the rich wins in many cases, but not always. The Tatas of India lost their case over the Himalayas when they claimed the Himalayas was theirs and tried to stop others from using the name of this highest mountain range in the world. So the rich does not always win. They claimed Himalayas and Mineral Water were their registered and copyrighted properties and other Mineral Water companies shall not use the word Himalayas. They could not prove Himalayas and Mineral Water were their creations and that they own them. Why they didn’t register their product as ‘Tata’s Mineral Water from the Himalayas’ was just to try to keep a monopoly in the mineral water trade and prevent other mineral water companies from using the word Himalayas- a very dirty business tool indeed! 

Irrespective of how many key words are added, landmarks are people’s, and protected.

‘Anyone who registers a generic word, term or expression as a trademark suffers the consequence of others being able to use that same word, term or expression for their business so far as theirs is fair use and as long as theirs isn’t infringement.’ Suppose some giant publishing company succeeds in copyrighting a name such as Himalayan Books. The first keyword is Himalayan but they neither created nor own the Himalayas. The second key word is Books and they neither created nor own the term Books. As such, for one, they cannot prevent others from using the name Himalayan Books. For another, the Himalayas are not a place specific to Books and Books is not a product specific to Himalayas. But had they registered a name such as Chaudhuri’s Himalayan Books, it would be having a third keyword specific to a person, organization or establishment and they still would have had a claim. So they won’t be able to prevent another Himalayan Books Nepal, Himalayan Books New York or Himalayan Books Calcutta from functioning. 

Two eminent lawyers fighting for and against a geographic domain name.

One fine example of two eminent lawyers fighting for and against a geographic domain name was the Minnesota Lawyer magazine owned by the Dolan Publishing Company fighting against a Minnesota lawyer Aaron Hall, sending him a cease and desist letter to stop using his Minnesota Lawyer Dot Com website and domain name. They asked him to cease ‘use of ‘Minnesota Lawyer’ in connection with online or printed publications in the legal field and refrain from publishing legal articles and information on Minnesota Lawyer Dot Com. They expressed their concern as: ‘Your use of ‘Minnesota Lawyer’ in this manner creates the false appearance of an association, affiliation or connection between you and your activities and Dolan, the Minnesota Lawyer trademark and Dolan’s goods and services. Dolan is concerned that such use is likely to cause confusion, cause mistake, and/or deceive consumers into believing that Dolan sponsors, endorses, supports or is otherwise affiliated with you and your activities’. 

Aaron Hall himself was an attorney experienced in trademark and internet law and blog law and a domainer who owned more than 400 domains. His articles on Blog-Law/Copyright/Trademark are noted and unique in the field. He responded that ‘Dolan does not that have a monopoly on the words ‘Minnesota lawyer’, his use of ‘Minnesota Lawyer’ was merely descriptive of his location and profession, and every lawyer in Minnesota can lawfully use those terms in the title of their website or domain name’. 

‘This is about the rights of small website owners.’


Summing up his observations on this and other past experiences, Mr. Hall stated that this is a national problem. ‘This is about the rights of small website owners. This situation exemplifies the threat to website owners (across the United States). Often small website owners give up their website after being intimidated and threatened by large corporations. I have represented many small business owners in disputes over a website with a generic or descriptive name. Many small business owners don’t know what to do when they get a cease and desist letter, so unfortunately, they make a mistake like giving up the website or selling it for below market rates. The law is often unclear in this area, especially when it comes to new technologies like the Internet and domain names. This case could set an important precedence for small website owners facing similar threats. 

(The Aaron Hall case was reported in detail on 27 October 2011 by Mr. Elliot Silver in his website Domain Investing Dot Com under the title ‘Can You Trademark a Geographic Domain Name?’) 

So the culprits in this crime were traders, who acted through their government represented in the World Trade Organization. 

‘How times are altered, trade’s unfeeling train,
Usurps the land and disposes the swain.’

It was Oliver Goldsmith who wrote this in his Deserted Village. How apt!

The Sun Valley case was a warning to businesses trademarking geographical names and social media service providers jumping to protect the supposed ‘owner’s intellectual property claims.

Amazon’s attempts to register that name as a domain became successful only after a mega battle because Amazon is a geographical region. Another attempt to register the US city Boston as Boston Strong failed. The US Patent and Trademark Office asserted that ‘Boston Strong rightfully belongs in the public domain’. 

Another attempt to threaten the people of the Sun Valley town in Idaho in US by a trademark owner Sun Valley Resort and the social media owner Twitter to adamantly support and protect this resort’s anti-people claims ended in not only litigation and shame but in all people of the valley widely beginning to use the native sun sign, eventually diluting that trademark. Can a trademark owner who goes beyond bounds to trademark a town’s name fight a whole town? (The case was Leonard Barshack against Twitter and Sun Valley Company filed in Federal District Court in Idaho). 

The Sun Valley case was a warning not only to businesses trying to trademark geographical names that there will be challengers and they will not be the sole users, but also to social media service providers who take it for granted that the first-come owns a geographical name and take action against others based on the supposed ‘owner’s intellectual property claims. 

It is better to stay away from geographical names while registering goods and services.

Place names are generally not given registration. People and companies who use place names in their copyrights and trademarks will have to spend a lot of time and money and man hours to keep that name to themselves in a world where other people are acutely aware of the common ownership of place names and conscious of a few obtaining such names illegally and through grafts. It is better to stay away from such names while registering goods and services. The officials who register such names are perfectly aware that by registering them they are giving their owners unfair advantages over competitors from that area or region and they justify this unlawfulness by accepting more money for a place name. 

Place names are geographically descriptive terms (primary meaning) which are not subject to trademark protection unless it takes on a new meaning (secondary meaning) by identifying goods so closely associated with that particular source. Geographical indicators are as commercially influential tools in market as trademarks as they identify a reputable source and guarantee quality of the good. For example, Darjeeling Tea, Aaaranmula Mirrors, Thanjavur Silk. For that it should be proved that by using that place name it would indicate that the good ‘originates in that place and ‘a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin’ there. 

What right has puny human beings to make names coined by endless generations theirs?

Geographical names not only pinpoint the location of a place and distinguish one part of the earth’s surface from another; they also point to a particular civilization, culture and politics. And they also change with time, language, people and politics. The old Salisbury is now Harare in Zimbabwe. Moscow which was once St. Petersburg later became Leningrad under communist rule and was then reverted when communism collapsed. Madras became Chennai, Bombay became Mumbai and Calcutta became Kolkotta. In southernmost India Trivandrum became Thrivananthapuram, Calicut became Kozhikkodu, Thrichur became Thrissur, Alleppey became Alappuzha and Cochin became Kochi. Which one is the trade marker copyrighting, and in which language? Himalaya has a dozen names with a dozen peoples in a dozen countries. By copyrighting Himalayas, will they be copyrighting all? So, the only answer is, only a phonetic compilation can be copyrighted by anyone, at a time. If someone comes with a Chennai Rubber Factory, what will the famous Madras Rubber Factory manufacturing the MRF tyres do? Sue him and own Chennai also, claiming once copyrighted, all phonetic and other variations in all languages and all times and all countries are copyrighted? What will they who copyrighted Venice and Prague do when others come with Venezia in Italian and Praha in Czech? Did they copyright those too? Are such variations also covered in copyright, anticipating linguistic and political changes in advance? Or does the old city and mountains and river move to the new city, mountain and river with all those thousands of copyrights? What absurdity is that! Remember that they all are the same geographical indications. These names were all coined by endless generations through countless centuries. What right has puny little human creatures have to make them theirs, whose births were not even dreamed about when these beautiful names were being formed? 

But, still, your application for registration of a place name, i.e., a geographical indicator, may be considered for registration, if there is a specific reason for, the goods being (1) either qualified for a Geographical Index protection, or (2) such place name is completely arbitrary and will not cause confusion or unfair competition or (3) it is proved a reputation was built on by using that name for years ‘without there being any evidence of harm to competitors’. 

The names India, Congo and Seattle were trademarked but the people of these places did not know.

If you try to copyright a name like Ceylon Café in Ceylon, you will not succeed because it is not far enough from the place to no longer be truly descriptive. But if you try registering Ceylon Café in India or Malaysia, you may succeed based on your argument that Ceylon is far from Malaysia to be descriptive of Ceylon and is just a non-descriptive word in Malaysia. Truly descriptive words won’t be copyrighted. Trademarks can't be descriptive. In Ceylon that word is a common descriptive word used by so many people including competitors the trade marking of which would be denying those competitors the right to use that word to describe their own products or services. If one café or restaurant in Ceylon wants to use that name, others too would want the same. If that name is trade marked, others using that common name would become infringement of a trademark. Denying everyone that right except to one is not permissible. 

Can the name ‘India’ be trademarked? Not in India but a beer company in Puerto Rica owns that name. The word Seattle is owned by many. A Georgian sports company owns Congo but the people of the Congo Republic would never have even heard about Georgia. 

If trade markers and copyrighters are not satisfied with land and ocean names, there are planetary names!

There are national and international organizations which maintain databases of populated places and noted features of the world countries. They maintain their databases available online for anyone to search. The most famous international organization is the United States Board on Geographic Names that maintains the worldwide Geographic Names Data Base which keeps names excluding those in the United States of America and the Antarctic Continent. The most noted national databases are the Database of Place Names in Australia by the Committee for Geographical Names in Australasia, the Official Geographical Names Database of Brazil, the Geographical Names Board of Canada, the China Geographical Names Website by the China Institute of Toponymy, Place Names Board of Estonia, the Topographic Map Browsing System by the National Land Survey of Finland, Geographical Names Work in France at the Institut Géographique National, the Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy website, Germany, the Village Finder and Gazetteer of Hungary, the National Geographical Names Database by the Iranian National Committee on the Standardization of Geographical Names, the Toponymic Gazetteer by the Japanese Geographical Survey Institute, List of Lithuanian Place Names by the State Commission, the Gazetteer of Towns and Villages of Luxembourg by the Luxembourg Society for Linguistic, Ethnological and Dialectic Studies, New Zealand Geographic Place Names Database, the Gazetteer of Korea, Standardization of Geographical Names in Slovakia by the Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Authority of the Slovak Republic, the Slovene Governmental Commission for the Standardization of Geographical Names in Slovenia, the South African Geographical Names Council, the Land Survey Place-Name Database in the National Atlas of Sweden, the Swiss Topomaps and Place Names by the Federal Office of Topography of Switzerland and the US Geological Survey’s Geographic Names' US Database. In addition to these land-based databases, there is also the official database of the Sub-Committee on Undersea Feature Names of the International Hydrographic Organization which lists undersea and maritime features. And if you do not find a suitable name to trademark or copyright among the unending land and undersea and maritime names, go to the List of Planetary Names maintained by the International Astronomical Union. 

What trademarks can be and cannot be.

*Trade marks (TM) are registered brand names, ‘a word, phrase, symbol or design, or a combination of words, phrases, symbols or designs, that identifies and distinguishes the source of the goods of one party from those of others’, as the US Patent and Trademarks Office defines it. Service marks (SM) identify services rather than products. 

*A trademark should not correspond to the geographical origin of the products irrespective of the reputation of the location concerned so that it is not descriptive. ‘That place name should remain available to all merchants who carry on or could carry on business in the sector and the region concerned’. 

*A trademark should not deceive the general public on the origin of the product and ‘let one think that it, the trademark, represents an official authority’. 

*A trademark should not be or recall an origin name. Registered designations of origin designate basic products which are manufactured, produced and processed in the same geographic area, like champagne, wine, etc. Protected designations of origin (AOPs or AOCs) are indications used to distinguish products for which one of the preparation stages, but not all, took place in a specific geographic area. 

*But if the designated products are eligible to use AOCs, registration of words as part of a trademark may be considered but only very rarely. 

Tags:

Copyrights, Diluting Trademarks, Domain disputes, Geographical Indicators, Infringing Intellectual Property Rights, Place Name Data Bases, Registering Goods And Services, Small Website Owners,

  
This article is part of the soon-to-be-released book,
How writers’ rights are violated everyday










Tuesday, November 5, 2019

173. Did the British thrust partition on India in 1947? Didn’t people also want it?

173

Did the British thrust partition on India in 1947? Didn’t people also want it?

P. S. Remesh Chandran

Editor, Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum


Article Title Image 1 By . Graphics: Adobe SP.

1

The partition of India in 1947 after independence was not thrust upon the people of India by the British. There were strong factions- Hindu and Muslim- working inside India then, demanding formation of a Hindu-dominant nation in India and a Muslim-dominant nation in Pakistan. Only a few leaders and people wanted India to remain undivided and from records we know who they were. If all leaders and people of India wanted India to remain independent, secular and undivided, no one including the British would have been able to divide India into two. Even after 72 years, debased national leaders are making hate speeches. Guess how strong this mentality would have been at the time when it was decided that the British would leave, leaving India to its own destiny. So India became two nations. When Hindu leaders make hate speeches, the Muslims would feel insecure under them and want a separate Muslim state for them. That was what happened in 1947. After the withdrawal of the Indian National Congress from the political scene and the emergence of a Hindu Party, this hate mentality also is reemerging with double strength. Within a few years we will see what happens. 

2

The partition of India in 1947 was prompted by factional currents working in India. It was not just a political resolution arrived at by the British Parliament and Crown. Communal, religious and gender discrimination of every kind working in society through generations for decades, even centuries, pushed things towards the inevitable culmination of partition. These communal, religious and gender discrimination suppressed by the Free India’s administration for a time is now working again, more forceful and widespread than before, moving things towards an inevitable culmination in what? Since the installation of a Hindu government in India, hate speeches and hate actions are increasing many-fold and the government is apparently totally helpless in the front of this abominable development in India. They unleashed this Satan for agitating people for political gains and now they are unable to stop it, even hinder it. In 1947 there were a few intelligent and magnificent national leaders who also had a hold over international matters to control this hate movement and finally harness it. But now there are no such intelligent and magnificent national leaders who have a say in international politics and can control this new hate movement. The only person prominent in global politics and who whole heartedly supported this new hate movement in India by all means- the U. S. President- is facing impeachment proceedings in America. 

3

Since the partition in 1947 of India into two countries, India has no rights over the land or people in Pakistan nor has Pakistan any rights over India. The partition was final, and binding to both parties. None of these countries are bound to accept refugees from the other country for whatever reason, legally. The gist of the presently ongoing hate speeches in India is that if dissatisfied with a Hindu rule, Muslims can go to Pakistan anytime. Not a few Hindu political leaders and ministers have already hinted this and are continuing repeating this threat unchecked. Neither the India government nor the Supreme Court of India has taken any legal action against these leaders and cabinet ministers on account of these threats. So the general consensus among Hindu politicians is that if forced enough the Muslims will go to Pakistan and India will become a country free of Muslims. 

4

It is only a dream that Pakistan would accept the Muslim population of India if conditions in India worsen and these people are forced to flee. Just like India declined to accept refugees from Bangladesh and Burma, Pakistan can, and will, decline to accept refugees from India. Bangladesh was forced to accept its refugees back from India. In a similar way, if things come to that, India too will be forced to accept refugees from India back from whichever countries they flee to. Suppose the state of affairs in India moves towards conditions akin to partition, this means that Pakistan is not obliged to accept Muslim refugees from India as other Muslim countries in the world like Malaysia, Iran or Saudi Arabia also aren’t, because these Muslims aren’t their citizens but India’s. 

5

When the Rohingyan Muslims from Burma were illegally immigrating to India, India tried to prevent it, by saying these militant fighters who have fought long with the Burmese government would be a security risk to India and that they would unbalance the ethnic position in the Hindu-minority Jammu-Kashmir where they settled in large numbers. India refused to accept these refugees but they raised the Right Against Expulsion law in the Supreme Court of India. Anyway the settlement of these refugees in Kahmir was one of the prime factors which eventually led the pro-Hinduist BJP regime in India to bifurcating Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan will raise this same ‘threat to national security’ issue to prevent Indian Muslim refugees entering their country if and when things come to that. 

6

So the end result would be splitting India again or imposing German-style concentration camps and mass murder chambers which the world won’t wait to see or allow for any reason. With every kind of weapons in stock at disposal, the world will not just stand and watch. Do you know why atom bombs were detonated in the Second World War in Japan which country was already sending out envoys to the neutral Switzerland as feelers for peace agreements? Entering mainland Japan and defeating that country, it was estimated, would have cost 10 million American soldiers’ lives. So they decided to make it cheap and destroy Japan through atomic bombs which were easier. If ever India creates a problem of Muslims fleeing India and becoming refugees in other countries, these other countries- all Muslim Christian and Communist countries- will wait only till all Muslims have fled India. 

And do not anyone think about and find solace in the prospect of Pakistan too splitting into two again like India in a nearby future. There is not such prospect in the horizon with their Chinese affiliation.



Article Title Image 2 By . Graphics: Adobe SP.
 

More English articles by the author at:
http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/
 

Malayalam articles by the author at:
http://sahyadrimalayalam.blogspot.in/
 

More political article by the author here:
http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/p/list-of-political-articles.html

  
About the Author P. S. Remesh Chandran:


Editor of Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum. Author of several books in English and in Malayalam. And also author of Swan: The Intelligent Picture Book. Born and brought up in the beautiful village of Nanniyode in the Sahya Mountain Valley in Trivandrum, in Kerala. Father British Council trained English teacher and Mother University educated. Matriculation with distinction and Pre Degree Studies in Science with National Merit Scholarship. Discontinued Diploma studies in Electronics and entered politics. Unmarried and single.

Face Book: https://www.facebook.com/psremeshchandra.trivandrum
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You Tube: http://www.youtube.com/user/bloombooks/videos
Blog: http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/
Site: https://sites.google.com/site/timeuponmywindowsill/
E-Mail: bloombookstvm@gmail.com

Post: P. S. Remesh Chandran, Editor, Sahyadri Books, Trivandrum, Padmalayam, Nanniyode, Pacha Post, Trivandrum- 695562, Kerala State, South India.

Tags:


Partition Of India, India Politics, Refugees In India, Hindu Party Politics Government, Jammu Kashmir, Hate Speeches Movement, India Pakistan Bangladesh, Hindu Muslim Harmony, WW2, Atom Bombing Japan, // Rohingyan Muslims, Right Against Expulsion, Muslim Problem In India,

First Published on: 29 October 2019

172. Why shoot Maoists and at the same time receive the greatest Maoist in the world as State Guest in India?

172

Why shoot Maoists and at the same time receive the greatest Maoist in the world as State Guest in India?

P. S. Remesh Chandran

Editor, Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum


Article Title Image 1 By . Graphics: Adobe SP.

1

Who is the greatest Maoist in the world now? It is the Chinese President. In which country is Marxist Maoism the official ideology? It is in the People's Republic of China. So the greatest Maoist in the world was received as State Guest by the Indian Prime Minister at Chennai and lived with him for two days in October 2019. What message was the Prime Minister giving to the citizens of India- to live co-existing with Maoists? Did anyone in India, including the Communist Party of India (Marxist), demand that this Chinese Maoist in India shall be arrested? Remember that hosting a Maoist in one’s house or premises is a crime warranting shooting at sight in India and especially Kerala in the eyes of the central and the state authorities. From Tamil Nadu this Chinese Maoist went straight to Nepal to confer with the Maoist Mr. Prachandta who rules Nepal and declared that the People’s Republic of China will give a Rs. 3500 crores financial aid to Nepal. What does the government of Kerala, its ruling Marxist Party and its police forces have to say on this? 

2

The Kerala government in 2019 October last supposedly ‘encountered’ Maoists in the Wayanadu forests and killed them through its Thunder Force police force. It was subsequently proved by witnesses, people and leaders of other political parties before the press that there was no such encounter and the police force was just surrounding them, shooting at them and killing them who were just eating food inside a temporary shack. The Kerala government, closely following the foot steps of the Hindu party in the centre, is making loud noise in the name of Maoism, conveniently forgetting the fact that they are a Marxist government at least in name. The people of Kerala- ten thousands among them- know well what Socialism, Communism, Marxism, Leninism and Maoism are and can compare and evaluate if the Communist Party of India (bracket) Marxist has any isms left in its political line. The only people in India who cannot differentiate between these political terms are the leaders, members and supporters of the Communist Party of India (bracket) Marxist. If Maoists are all dangerous, then why did the Indian Prime Minister live with the greatest one among them for two days and ask inter-people relations to be developed? Did he mean India should whole-heartedly embrace Chinese Maoists and tolerate Maoism? Or did he actually mean his example is one never to be followed in practical life by anyone in India like almost all of his other examples are? If the Indian authorities cannot tolerate Maoism, then why did they give wrong messages to people? 

3

A number of people in Kerala- all close followers of the ruling Marxist party in Kerala- immediately after this ‘encounter killing’ incident came up with explanations that the police were shooting in self defense. We will think they all hold the post of the Director Generals of Police in Kerala to know about the details immediately after this soon. How did they know for certain what went on there at the scene of action until a coroner stated it in record and a court of law validated it? Or were they witnesses there at the time these ‘encounter killings’ were happening? Then they must be ‘valuable witnesses’ for a court of law to determine whether those were deaths, killings or political murders. It is easier to say that ‘because they fired at us we fired back and killed them’. That is just what the Supreme Court of India warned against and condemned in earlier cases and punished police officers for. The Supreme Court even said being a Maoist is not a crime in India and all such alleged encounter killings should be brought for magisterial investigation within two weeks. The question is, did they come to us or did we go to them. Did they shoot at us coming to the seat of Government or did we go hunting for them in dark forests. It is not the first time that shooting and killing people claiming they were Maoists is happening in India and this won’t be the last. ‘Encounter killing’ is, as now everyone knows, protective clothing for deliberate killing for political reasons. 

4

One may ask if the present government administration in China isn’t an antithesis of communism. It is. The present Chinese government is the antithesis of the famous Chairman Mao’s ideologies whether they were right or wrong, it’s founding principles, just as the present Indian government is the antithesis of the famous Indian democracy, its founding principles. Anyway, both took their oaths while assuming offices in the name of the respective ideologies of Maoism and Secular Democracy. In betraying these ideologies, both became identical bullocks to be harnessed under the same yoke. 

5

This whole deal is full of contradictions. The India government that hunts native Maoists receives foreign Maoists in India as state guests. The people who give shelter to Maoists in their homes are arrested and charge-sheeted by the Indian Police in most states but the Prime Minister hosts and lives with Maoist Supremos for two days in Tamil Nadu is not. The Chinese President swears in in office in the name of Maoist Communism but in his attitudes and actions he is a thorough capitalist. The Indian Prime Minister swears in in office in the name of democratic secularism but under his rule thousands of civilians are put in prisons without explicit reasons or any reasons and non-Hindus are hunted and killed everyday and he is a thorough undemocratic person. The Maoists in India pledge to a Mao-style communism and socialism but turn to drug trafficking and looting villages for funds and amassing wealth which were not his way. But one cannot fail to see the general ‘killing tendency’ spreading in India. The killing of Maoists cannot be separated from killing non-Hindus, killing citizens who do not call Rama, killing people who carry cow’s meat, etc, etc. It’s a general killing tendency that is spreading in India. Those who view handle and treat killing Maoists separately, compartmentally, are just fools who cannot see well in daylight. Seeing only the nail in close up, they fail to see the elephant in whole. 

6

A million times more bullets are fired by the Chinese People’s Army at Indians. Still their Supreme Leader is given royal reception by the Government of India. Why do the Marxists in India pretend they do not see this and elaborate on this? Their sister communist party and the original- The Communist Party of India- has already condemned these murders clothed as ‘encounter killings. Why does the Communist Party of India (Marxist) remain hideously silent? Had this Supreme Maoist of China come to Kerala during his Indian visit, would the Marxist Kerala Chief Minister have condemned him or gone to receive him? What would the Police Forces have done, shoot him or saluted him? My dear friend, the real fact is, the Maoists in India do not have ruling power in India and that is why they are shot in ‘encounter shootings’ the farce behind which the Supreme Court trials exposed and punished. That is why the Maoists who have ruling power in China are welcomed and received as state guests in India by the Hindu party BJP in the centre and the Marxist leaders in the states alike who meanwhile hunt Maoists in India. Do not ever forget that if the Maoists in Nepal ever come to Kerala on official tours, the Marxist Chief Minister of Kerala would receive and embrace them. Recently they did come to Kerala for partaking in the Communist Party Birth Centenary Celebrations and what else did the Marxists of Kerala do except embracing them? The (Marxists) of Kerala worship Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara and exhibit his photos everywhere and anywhere possible but does this mean they are pledged to carrying out armed revolutions against governments like him? How do they gauge one is a Maoist? If you judge one a Maoist from words written in social media, you are a very poor judge and knows nothing about Communism, Marxism, Leninism or Maoism. Words do not make a Maoist, like your words and pose do not make you a Marxist: it is actions. And, protecting the human rights of Maoists isn’t Maoism; it’s Humanitarianism.


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More English articles by the author at:
http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/
 

Malayalam articles by the author at:
http://sahyadrimalayalam.blogspot.in/
 

More political article by the author here:
http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/p/list-of-political-articles.html

  
About the Author P. S. Remesh Chandran:


Editor of Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum. Author of several books in English and in Malayalam. And also author of Swan: The Intelligent Picture Book. Born and brought up in the beautiful village of Nanniyode in the Sahya Mountain Valley in Trivandrum, in Kerala. Father British Council trained English teacher and Mother University educated. Matriculation with distinction and Pre Degree Studies in Science with National Merit Scholarship. Discontinued Diploma studies in Electronics and entered politics. Unmarried and single.

Face Book: https://www.facebook.com/psremeshchandra.trivandrum
Twitter: https://twitter.com/PSRemeshChandra
You Tube: http://www.youtube.com/user/bloombooks/videos
Blog: http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/
Site: https://sites.google.com/site/timeuponmywindowsill/
E-Mail: bloombookstvm@gmail.com

Post: P. S. Remesh Chandran, Editor, Sahyadri Books, Trivandrum, Padmalayam, Nanniyode, Pacha Post, Trivandrum- 695562, Kerala State, South India.

Tags:


Communism Socialism Marxism Leninism Maoism, Communist Party Of India, Nepal China India Maoists, Political Encounter Killings, Killing Tendency India, Maoist Hunt, Secular Democracy, Humanitarianism,

First Published on: 29 October 2019



171. Why BBC released this special broadcast on India’s glorious past now all of a sudden at this particular time?

171

Why BBC released this special broadcast on India’s glorious past now all of a sudden at this particular time?

P. S. Remesh Chandran
 

Editor, Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum

Article Title Image 1 By . Graphics: Adobe SP.

 

The Science Museum at South Kensington, London, UK, founded in 1857 exhibits invaluable articles in the history of science and regularly holds special exhibitions the entry to which are free. Recently they unveiled a new exhibition on India of historical objects belonging to India’s rich hidden scientific past, especially looking at ancient India’s achievements in mathematics, metallurgy and civil engineering. This exhibition covers several centuries of Indian history, from the ancient past of the Indus Valley Civilization to the 19th and the early 20th century developments, with relics from the time under the British Colonial Rule to show how colonial rule helped India develop science. The artifacts abruptly stop at the beginning of the 21st century, meaningfully.

The BBC World Service Discovery last on 8th October 2019 aired a science discovery news broadcast titled ‘India's Ancient Science’, covering the India exhibition at the Science Museum. Do you know why the BBC released this special 23 minutes issue on the glorious past of India now? While supposedly ‘rediscovering influential Indian ideas on mathematics, metallurgy and engineering’, it’s a political stunt. Read, or listen to, their words very very carefully. They issued it to stress that India has had a great past in ingenious science, technology, philosophy, literature and politics, but now India is being ruled by undereducated and uneducated morons, and India now has to borrow science and technology from other countries abroad and the people of India are neither alert nor bold enough to respond to this moronic and boorish regime as courageously as they even very recently in the middle of the 20th century forced the British out of India. Especially note these lines of theirs: ‘The past does matter, and it mattered especially a hundred years ago, as Indians fought to establish their independence from the British in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, their scientific history was a reminder, that if they could do such great things before, they could do them again now.’ It is common knowledge and everyone knows it. Then, why now? BBC knows well the attitude of the British people (not of their government) in their keenness and that of the Indian people in their resignedness towards India’s ‘democracy’ is changing. 

BBC Link to this broadcast: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3cstxng



Article Title Image 2 By . Graphics: Adobe SP.
 

More English articles by the author at:
http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/
 

Malayalam articles by the author at:
http://sahyadrimalayalam.blogspot.in/
 

More political article by the author here:
http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/p/list-of-political-articles.html

  
About the Author P. S. Remesh Chandran:


Editor of Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum. Author of several books in English and in Malayalam. And also author of Swan: The Intelligent Picture Book. Born and brought up in the beautiful village of Nanniyode in the Sahya Mountain Valley in Trivandrum, in Kerala. Father British Council trained English teacher and Mother University educated. Matriculation with distinction and Pre Degree Studies in Science with National Merit Scholarship. Discontinued Diploma studies in Electronics and entered politics. Unmarried and single.

Face Book: https://www.facebook.com/psremeshchandra.trivandrum
Twitter: https://twitter.com/PSRemeshChandra
You Tube: http://www.youtube.com/user/bloombooks/videos
Blog: http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/
Site: https://sites.google.com/site/timeuponmywindowsill/
E-Mail: bloombookstvm@gmail.com

Post: P. S. Remesh Chandran, Editor, Sahyadri Books, Trivandrum, Padmalayam, Nanniyode, Pacha Post, Trivandrum- 695562, Kerala State, South India.

Tags:

 
Indian Democracy, India News, India Politics, 


First Published on: 19 October 2019



170. What should Mr. Rahul Gandhi do- show his neck for more betrayal from Communist parties, regional parties, and his own partymen?

170

What should Mr. Rahul Gandhi do- show his neck for more betrayal from Communist parties, regional parties, and his own partymen?

P. S. Remesh Chandran


Editor, Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum

Article Title Image 1 By . Graphics: Adobe SP.


The Indian National Congress’ President and the Communist Party of India (Marxist)’s General Secretary did their best before the 2019 Parliament Elections to convince Marxists in the states including Kerala that a Congress-Marxist Alliance at the national level is a must and is what the time demands to thoroughly defeat BJP, but what did the Marxists in Kerala under the leadership of Mr. Pinarayi Vijayan and Mr. Kodiyeri Balakrishnan do? They laughed out their General Secretary’s option and contested the elections against Congress! Congress was willing to share eight seats with them but they opposed Congress and ended in winning only one seat in Kerala. The Communist Party of India which was the first to argue for a Congress-Communist Alliance and which spent thousands of eloquent hours to elaborate on the need for such a political alliance, when the elections came, turned 180 degrees and put up their candidate against Mr. Rahul Gandhi in Wayanadu! So, Mr. Rahul Gandhi perfectly well understands what betrayal is, especially betrayal by the Communist parties of India. These two Communist parties were not even willing to accept that Congress’ massive defeat was entirely due to election manipulations by the BJP and Reliance. Finding it not pleasant to antagonize Reliance, they sought other explanations for Congress’ defeat. They still do. What should Mr. Rahul Gandhi do- show his neck for more betrayal from these two Communist parties, other regional parties, and his own partymen? In the wake of state elections in October 2019 it is alleged by these Communist parties and the Congress itself that he is nowhere to be seen and is supposed to have gone abroad for something personal. It is also known that all opposition political parties in India are boycotting the local body elections in Kashmir since almost all opposition leaders are put in jail by BJP. Betrayers need no leaders; it’s natural. Let him go somewhere- anywhere- and lick his wounds. He is young and he has time. If he pulls out of Congress’ leadership now, it will be the greatest blow to the two Communist parties, because from then onwards it will be their sole responsibility fighting and defeating BJP. Thus these two Communist parties will be forced to stop secretly supporting BJP and doing everything for its victory, but antagonize BJP and come in the open fighting them.
 
Article Title Image 2 By . Graphics: Adobe SP.
 

More English articles by the author at:
http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/
 

Malayalam articles by the author at:
http://sahyadrimalayalam.blogspot.in/
 

More political article by the author here:
http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/p/list-of-political-articles.html

  
About the Author P. S. Remesh Chandran:


Editor of Sahyadri Books & Bloom Books, Trivandrum. Author of several books in English and in Malayalam. And also author of Swan: The Intelligent Picture Book. Born and brought up in the beautiful village of Nanniyode in the Sahya Mountain Valley in Trivandrum, in Kerala. Father British Council trained English teacher and Mother University educated. Matriculation with distinction and Pre Degree Studies in Science with National Merit Scholarship. Discontinued Diploma studies in Electronics and entered politics. Unmarried and single.

Face Book: https://www.facebook.com/psremeshchandra.trivandrum
Twitter: https://twitter.com/PSRemeshChandra
You Tube: http://www.youtube.com/user/bloombooks/videos
Blog: http://sahyadribooks-remesh.blogspot.com/
Site: https://sites.google.com/site/timeuponmywindowsill/
E-Mail: bloombookstvm@gmail.com

Post: P. S. Remesh Chandran, Editor, Sahyadri Books, Trivandrum, Padmalayam, Nanniyode, Pacha Post, Trivandrum- 695562, Kerala State, South India.

Tags:

 
Indian Democracy, India News, India Politics, Indian National Congress, Communist Party Of India,

First Published in: October 2019